Definitions

This table defines some of the attributes and the terms used to describe projects in the Deepwater Horizon Project Tracker.

Definitions

CategoriesTermDefinitions
Project Category Environmental Projects primarily focused on restoration and/or protection of environmental and natural resources.
Project Category Recreational Use Projects primarily focused on restoration and/or enhancement of recreational use resources that were impacted by the spill. This may include project that enhance or restore environmental resources that are primarily used for recreational purposes and thus covered under NRDA's "Lost Recreational Use" method of valuation. Please see NRDA's "Lost Recreational Use Fact Sheet" for more information.
Project Category Human and Social Projects primarily focused on restoration, enhancement, and protection of human and/or social resources.
Project Category Science Projects primarily focused on science, research, and/or scientific monitoring.
Project Category Other Projects primarily focused on planning or administration activities or activities that don’t fall under the other four categories.
Funding Attributes Controlling Documents The legal document that describes the arrangement between the parties and/or the funding program.
Funding Attributes Date Awarded The date the funding was awarded to the implementing organization.
Funding Attributes Dollar Amount Dollar amount awarded to a project by the corresponding funder.
Funding Attributes DWH Funder The private foundation, local, state, regional, or federal agency that provided DWH funds to the project.
Funding Attributes DWH Funder Types The institutional type of a funding organization: Federal, State, Local Government, Private, Non-Profit Organization.
Funding Attributes DWH Funding Program The program through which the funding flows from the funder to the implementing organization.
Funding Attributes DWH Source The original source of the Deepwater Horizon Funds; one of BP, Transocean, MOEX, or Halliburton
Funding Attributes Fund Origin The legal arrangement that resulted in the funding or funding program. For example, criminal settlement, partial civil settlement, voluntary agreement, civil penalty, etc.
Funding Attributes Known Leveraged Funds The sum of all known leveraged funds. For detailed descriptions of leveraged funds, including funder names, and dollar amounts, please contact us.
Funding Attributes Total Dollar Amount The total dollar amount awarded to the project by all funders, including the DWH Funding and all known leveraged funds.
General Project Attributes Affiliated Institutions Academic / research institution(s) other than the implementing organization that are participating in the project and are receiving funding.
General Project Attributes Anticipated Project Completion Date Anticipated date (day, month, year) the project will be completed.
General Project Attributes Award Date Date project funds were awarded
General Project Attributes Close Date For land acquisition projects - The date the acquisition closed.
General Project Attributes Country The country, or countries, in which the the project is implemented.
General Project Attributes County The county, or counties, in which the project is implemented.
General Project Attributes Duration Duration of Easement: Permanent or Temporary
General Project Attributes Easement Holder Name Name of easement holder. Only applies to land acquisition projects with an easement
General Project Attributes Easement Holder Type Classification of easement holder. Only applies to land acquisition projects with an easement
General Project Attributes Implementing Organization Name of the entity/entities implementing an individual project.
General Project Attributes Landowner Entity that owns land acquired in fee or easement.
General Project Attributes Landowner Type Classification of landowner acquired in fee or easement.
General Project Attributes Other Partners Partners that are involved but did not contribute funding.
General Project Attributes Point of Contact Name of individual managing project, their email address and phone number
General Project Attributes Project Description Abstract or a 1-3 sentence description about the project.
General Project Attributes Project ID A unique identification number assigned to the project by the DWH Project Tracker Team.
General Project Attributes Project Link A weblink to project information hosted by the funding program.
General Project Attributes Project Name Name of project used by project funder. May add "Phase" in order to have unique names for different phases of the same project.
General Project Attributes Public Access Identifies whether the impacted area is open to public access or not. Choose from the drop-down list.
General Project Attributes Purchase Type For land acquisition projects- the way the land was conserved. Choose from Fee, Easement, or Other
General Project Attributes Purpose Purpose of easement or fee acquisition.
General Project Attributes Secondary Easement Holder 1 Only applies to easement projects with more than one easement holder.
General Project Attributes Secondary Easement Holder 2 Only applies to easement projects with more than one easement holder.
General Project Attributes Source UID The unique identification number assigned to the project by the funding program.
General Project Attributes State The state, or states/provinced, in which the project is implemented.
General Project Attributes Term End date of the Lease/easement
General Project Attributes Type of Implementing Organization The institutional type of an implementing organization: Federal, State, Local Government, Private, Non-Profit Organization.
Metrics Acres Acquired Acres acquired by fee or easement acquisitions.
Metrics Additional Acreage For projects that involve acreage otherwise not tracked in previous categories, such as a marsh restoration project that also creates new marshland.
Metrics Aquatic Restoration Acreage The number of acres restored in offshore restoration projects. Offshore is defined as perennial deepwater. For NRDA projects, this number does not necessarily reflect the number of Offset credits agreed upon by NRDA and BP.
Metrics Land Restoration Acreage The number of acres restored on land restoration projects. Land is defined as both upland and wetlands. For NRDA projects, this number does not necessarily reflect the number of Offset credits agreed upon by NRDA and BP.
Metrics Restoration Feet The number of feet (e.g. of beachfront) restored. For NRDA projects, this number does not necessarily reflect the number of Offset credits agreed upon by NRDA and BP.
Metrics Restoration Mileage The number of miles (e.g. of beachfront) restored. For NRDA projects, this number does not necessarily reflect the number of Offset credits agreed upon by NRDA and BP.
Metrics Project Action A general description of the action or actions on which the project will focus.
Project Action Chemical Aspects Research Chemical evolution and biological degradation of the petroleum/dispersant systems and subsequent interaction with coastal, open-ocean, and deep-water ecosystems.
Project Action Education and Outreach Promote and enhance natural resource stewardship through environmental education efforts that include formal and informal educational opportunities, professional development and training, communication, and actions for all ages.
Project Action Engineering and/or Construction Designing and/or building large structures, homes, or infrastructure.
Project Action Environmental Effects Research Environmental effects of the petroleum/dispersant system on the sea floor, water column, coastal waters, beach sediments, wetlands, marshes, and organisms; and the science of ecosystem vulnerability, recovery, and resilience.
Project Action Erosion Prevention or Control Any work done to prevent the loss of sand, silt, or other sediment on a shoreline.
Project Action Habitat Restoration and Enhancement The manipulation of the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of a site with the goal of returning the majority of natural functions to the lost or degraded native habitat, or the modification of a habitat to increase one or more functions.
Project Action Land Acquisition / Protection The acquisition of full or partial interests in land (including fee simple ownership and conservation easements) by purchase, donation, or other means.
Project Action Monitoring and Observations Research, long-term observations and monitoring, and information development to advance understanding of environmental conditions, ecosystem services, and community health and well-being of the Gulf of Mexico
Project Action Oil System Safety Research Research, technology development, or decision support system modeling with a goal of enhancing the safety and sustainability of offshore energy development, or improving the response, mitigation, detection, characterization, and remediation of oil spills and gas releases.
Project Action Other A project action not specifically defined
Project Action Other Workforce Development and Job Creation Activities that create and maintain jobs not related to tourism and the seafood industry.
Project Action Physical Aspects Research Physical distribution, dispersion, and dilution of petroleum (oil and gas), its constituents, and associated contaminants (e.g., dispersants) under the action of physical oceanographic processes, air–sea interactions, and tropical storms.
Project Action Planning The process of creating a scheme, process, or method for accomplishing one or multiple objectives.
Project Action Programmatic Administration and support for projects or programs, typically region-wide.
Project Action Promotion of Gulf Coast Seafood Economic activities that grow or sustain the seafood industry in the Gulf Coast.
Project Action Public Health Research Impact of oil spills on public health including behavioral, socioeconomic, environmental risk assessment, community capacity and other population health considerations and issues.
Project Action Resilience Build and sustain Gulf Coast communities’ capacity to adapt to short- and long-term natural and man-made hazards, particularly increased flood risks associated with sea-level rise and environmental stressors.
Project Action Social Science Research Research to improve understanding of how social and economic factors influence community vulnerability, recovery, and resilience.
Project Action Species Restoration Management actions leading to sustainable populations. Examples include predator control for sea turtle and bird nesting areas, additional monitoring for fish populations to improve management decisions, reintroduction of absent native flora and fauna, or restoration of a population to its former range.
Project Action Tourism Development and Promotion Activities that bolster and support the tourism industry in the Gulf Coast.
Project Action Water Quality Restoration and Maintenance Restore, improve, and protect the Gulf Coast region’s fresh, estuarine, and marine water resources by reducing or treating nutrient and pollutant loading; and improving the management of freshwater flows, discharges to and withdrawal from critical systems.
Targeted Resource Air-Sea Interactions The system of heat, momentum, moisture, trace gasses, and particles at the air-sea interface.
Targeted Resource Algae Organisms, including seaweed and single-celled organisms, which convert chemical or solar energy into energy-rich organic compounds but do not have stems, roots, leaves or vascular tissue. For example, Sargassum is a brown alga affected by the spill that that forms large mats on surface water in the Gulf of Mexico and is an important food source for marine fish, invertebrates, and sea turtles.
Targeted Resource Barrier Islands Long, narrow, deposits of sand or sediment that run parallel to the coastline.
Targeted Resource Beaches / Dunes Coastal features generally formed by the accretion of sand and other sediment over time.
Targeted Resource Benthic Zone / Sea Floor The ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water, including the sediment surface, the water above it, and some sub-surface layers.
Targeted Resource Birds / Bird Habitat A population of birds or their habitat. Bird habitats targeted by Deepwater Horizon funds include nesting habitat, wintering habitat, and migratory corridors, some of which may not have been directly injured by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill but are vital for the recovery of bird populations affected by the spill.
Targeted Resource Built Environment The human-made space in which people live, work, and recreate on a day-to-day basis. This excludes infrastructure and built resources that mainly enhance or provide access to recreational activities and experiences.
Targeted Resource Corals / Coral Reefs Coral communities in the Gulf of Mexico include both deep sea coral reefs and shallow coral reefs.
Targeted Resource Dispersants A chemical or set of chemicals that breaks up oil spilled on water into minute particles which can be dispersed by wave action and/or wind action over a wider area.
Targeted Resource Endangered Species Habitat Specific geographic areas, whether occupied by endangered species or not, that are determined to be essential for the conservation and management of listed endangered species.
Targeted Resource Fish / Fish Habitats According to NRDA, fish that may have been affected by the spill include scalloped hammerhead, shortfin mako, silky, whale, bigeye thresher, longfin mako, and oceanic whitetip sharks; swordfish, white marlin, blue marlin, yellowfin tuna, bluefin tuna, longbill spearfish, and sailfish. Other fish that use areas of the Gulf where oil was observed include red snapper, grouper, gray triggerfish, red drum, vermilion snapper, greater amberjack, black drum, cobia and dolphin (mahi-mahi), coastal migratory open water species such as king and Spanish mackerel, and open water sharks.
Targeted Resource Human and /or Institutional Capacity Building a community of researchers, decision makers, students, and institutions with the capability to solve problems and establish more sustainable environmental, social, and economic systems.
Targeted Resource Community and Human Health Individual and community health in populations affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Targeted Resource Hydrocarbon Seeps and Chemosynthetic Communities Submarine areas where oil and natural gas slowly leak out of the ocean floor and coincide with areas of unusually high biological activity.
Targeted Resource Infrastructure The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society or enterprise (e.g. roads, water control structures, and power supplies). This excludes infrastructure that mainly enhances or provides access to recreational activities and experiences.
Targeted Resource Lakes and/or Rivers Freshwater systems.
Targeted Resource Marine Mammals NRDA lists the 12 whale species, 9 dolphin types, and the Florida manatee as marine mammals living in the Gulf of Mexico.
Targeted Resource Microbial Communities Communities of microorganisms (very small organisms), including bacteria, archaea, eukaryotic microbes, and viruses.
Targeted Resource Nearshore / Littoral Zone The part of the ocean closest to the shore, including, but not limited to, the intertidal zone.
Targeted Resource Oysters / Reefs Eastern oysters in the Gulf of Mexico are a huge source for the U.S. oyster industry due to their sweet flavor and soft texture. Given their economic importance, oyster projects are distinguished from other shellfish projects in the Deepwater Horizon Project Tracker.
Targeted Resource Pelagic Zone Open water, roughly defined as neither close to the bottom nor near the shore.
Targeted Resource Petroleum A mixture of various hydrocarbons that can be extracted and refined to produce fuels. Some projects may only focus on one or more of the compounds present in petroleum.
Targeted Resource Recreational Resources Resources that enhance recreational experiences or provide public access to recreational activities and experiences. See NRDA's "Lost Recreational Use Fact Sheet" for more information.
Targeted Resource Sea Turtles According to NRDA, sea turtle species that may have been affected by the spill include Kemp's ridley, green, hawksbill, leatherback, and loggerhead. Kemp's ridley turtles nest on the beaches of Texas and Mexico.
Targeted Resource Shellfish / Shellfish Resources Shellfish potentially affected by the oil spill include scallops, shrimp, and crabs. Projects specifically focused on Oysters and Oyster Reefs are distinguished from other shellfish in the Deepwater Horizon Project Tracker.
Targeted Resource Shorelines The land-sea interface.
Targeted Resource Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Typically small grasses dependent on sunlight permeating through water. Serve as a habitat for a multitude of aquatic animals.
Targeted Resource Terrestrial Habitat Habitat on unsaturated land (i.e. not wetlands).
Targeted Resource Wetlands / Marshes / Estuaries Lands where saturation with water is the primary factor determining soil development and plant/animal. Typically, lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water.
Targeted Resource Other Other targeted resource not specifically defined.